Log and Register Artifacts

Log and register artifacts are a subgroup of project artifacts that has continuously updated project management documents as a result of progressive elaboration. 

Project Backlog

A project backlog is a list of prioritized tasks that the project team must work on. These tasks are created within the framework of an accepted strategy and are revealed using the project requirements and the project roadmap.

Issue Logs in Project Management

Issue log is a project artifact categorized as log and register artifacts, it is generally used in project work performance domain.

An issue log is the project management artifact that is used for monitoring and recording the necessary information about ongoing issues. The events and factors under discussion or in dispute between project stakeholders are handled by using an issue log. An issue log ensures that the ongoing issues in the project are tracked by the project team and are under control. Project issue log is a very useful artifact, especially for risk and issue management process.

Issue logs are directly related to troubles. Trouble is everywhere in our everyday lives. Problems serve the same purpose in project management as they do in real life. Accordingly, a problem is any situation that arises nowadays. A project issue occurs when these conditions have an effect on the project goals.

Lessons learned Register

It is normal for you as a project manager, your project team, and stakeholders to make a number of mistakes during the project management life cycle.

Stakeholder Register in PMP Exam

In every course, including mine's, it is stated that executing the stakeholder identification process right from the project's beginning stage is needed. After starting, maintaining a continuous vigilance in stakeholder identification across all phases of the project's lifecycle is of paramount importance. Stakeholder register is the main result of this identification process.

Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis in Project Management

Most of times I had struggles while dealing with risks that I encountered during projects. However, if we are well aware of the possible effects of the risks uncovered and the probabilities of their occurrence, then our job becomes easier. 

In this process we rely on creating different scenarios and it includes very much brainstorming. Qualitative risk analysis is a process of assessing risks based on expert judgment and experience. For this, you need to rely heavily on your intuition and benefit from your experience.

Risk management plan: In this document, it tells you actually what to do in this process and how to execute it.

Risk register: Thanks to this document, we can see the risks to be analyzed. It is used in this process to arrange risks according to their importance.

Stakeholder register: By referencing the stakeholder register, project teams can map each identified risk to the relevant stakeholders. This mapping helps in understanding which stakeholders are more likely to be affected by specific risks and aids in developing targeted risk response strategies.

Assumption log Assumptions are used to create contingency plans.

Enterprise Environmental Factors: By using this input you can benefit from similar projects conducted in other organizations. Previously prepared industrial databases can be used in this scope. 

Organizational Process Assets: Probably your organization completed project that resembles with your project before. You can benefit from them by considering organizational process assets.

Outputs updated

Risk report: It is updated as a result of this process.

Risk register: New risks could be identifed after implementing this process.

Issue log: New issues may emerge as a result of this process.

Assumption log: Assumptions needs to be revised after this process.

Tools and Techniques

Interviews: You can extract beneficial experiences by using interviews.

Risk data quality assessment: You need to be confident about  the data you have is relevant and appropriate for qualitative analysis. For this reason it is useful here.

Risk probability and impact assessment: This approach is the core of this process. It is the key of reaching the goals determined at the beginning of the process.

Assessment of other risk parameters: All kinds of parameters should be assessed in order to analyze risks efficiently.

Probability and impact matrix: This matrix is essential for risk analysis as it shows what we need essentially.

Hierarchical charts : Shows us the hierarchical relationship between identified risks.

Risk categorization: It will make the job of the project team easier by seeing all risk in categories.

Facilitation: It shows ways for discussions of more than one people. So it is important.

Meetings: In regular meetings collecting opinions about the impact of risks will be easier.

Expert judgment: Since qualititative analyses are based on personal experiences, expert judgements are quite useful here.

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1- Max 07.01.2022
Please, more clarification for how to use risk-related documents such as risk reports, risk register, risk-adjusted backlog, etc.
2- Levi 02.02.2023
Merci, for this article.

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Risk-adjusted backlog

The risks identified in project management differ according to their nature. While it is possible to take action for some risks, it may not be possible for some risks, it is the most correct risk response not to take action for some risks. At this point, risk-adjusted backlogs are a sprint or release waiting list that contains risk response tasks created for actionable risks.

Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis in Project Management

When it comes to quantitative risk analysis, data in numerical form is vital to obtaining precise outcomes. This approach works in tandem with qualitative risk analysis and should be factored in when conducting an analysis. Ultimately, a risk table will be created with consistent results and the risk report will be updated.

Optimizing Risk Responses

Risk management in project management has several steps starting with risk identification, and continuing with analyzing risks both qualitatively and quantitively. Beyond all, risk management actions should be proactive. That means the project manager and the project team should act before the risk comes real. Otherwise, it may harm the value delivery at the end of the project or it may have bad effects on project objectives including missing an opportunity.

Risk Register

During your journey as a project manager, you will come across a wide demonstration of surroundings in projects. They will be accompanied by their own distinct set of doubtful states. In this respect, you will have to exhibit very dynamic management. At this point, the deliberate use of correct methods, those that play an active role in advancing your achievements, emerges as a fundamental component in not just attaining but also consistently upholding success in the long run. By harmoniously integrating the application of these instruments and methods with dynamic real-time strategies, you will have successfully navigated through a substantial segment of the path leading you toward the completion of your objectives. 

1. What is a Risk Register?

Fundamentally, the risk register serves as a very well organized instrument for risk management. It is designed to methodically identify risks. It also assists you to assess and oversee uncertainties that may develop in the future. These uncertainties may have a changing degree of influence on a project's schedule, financial plan, and scope. 

2. The Importance of Risk Registers in Project Management

Of course, It is your project, yo can go your way and unless you do not exceed your authority you have the freedom to exhibit an approach that focuses on solving issues as they come to the surface. It is a way of management. But only if you don't care about the success level of your project. Of course, there will be issues that we will deal with reactively, but it is important to understand the difficulties that may arise during the project by using a risk list and developing solutions for them in advance. It prevents unexpected developments from bothering you.

An essential role that a risk register plays is its contribution to sorting risks by assessing how significant they are. You can do it by taking their likelihood into consideration. 

It also helps analyzing their likelihood of occurrence and determining the predetermined course of action should they happen. By studying this collection of hypothetical scenarios, teams are not only equipped to confront challenges head-on but also possess the means to ensure seamless progress and continuity.

See Also:

1- George 09.08.2023
I stumbled upon your insightful blog post about risk registers in project management, and it immediately brought back memories of a valuable lesson I learned the hard way.

In a previous project, we were racing against time to meet a tight deadline. The team was juggling multiple tasks, and I mistakenly believed that creating a risk register was an unnecessary formality. "We've got everything under control," I thought. Oh, how wrong I was!

One day, a critical team member unexpectedly fell ill, leaving us in a lurch. We hadn't anticipated this possibility, and without a risk register, we were scrambling to figure out a solution. The lack of foresight and planning had a cascading effect on our project timeline, quality, and team morale.

I realized the importance of a risk register the hard way.

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Risk Report in Project Management

A risk report is a key project management document that provides information about overall project risk. It is an output of the risk identification process, and it is a commonly used project artifact, especially as a part of the uncertainty performance domain.

The risk report must include a detailed explanation of the risk, the likelihood of it happening, and the impact it would have if it did happen. It is imperative to create a comprehensive report that is accurate and up-to-date to enable project managers to make a sound decision concerning how to most responsibly manage risk.

It contains summary information about individual risks, except for general project risk. Risk reports create input to all risk management processes in the risk management knowledge area and provide information for these processes.

It is a common artifact used in;

Along with project performance domains, there are also project management principles that guide project teams to efficiently manage projects and deliver value to the organization at the end. So risk reports are also used while following these principles to deal with complexity or to optimize risk responses.

Basic information that should be included in the Risk Report;

  • Executive Summary
  • Overall Project Risk
  • Singular Project Risk
  • Quantitative Analysis
  • Status of Provident Resources
  • Risk audit results

But the risk report may also contain more than this information.

Risk Report is used as input in the following processes:

1- Jonas 03.01.2022
Good effort. Thank you for the explanation.

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Project Work Performance Domain

Every project is run by applying a series of tailored processes. In the end, a tangible or intangible work defined in the scope of a project should be completed to reach the termination. The nature and specifications of these processes are established by a tailoring approach done by the project team and the project manager as well as stakeholders. 

Effectively Engaging with Stakeholders - A Project Management Principle

Effectively engaging with stakeholders is a project management principle. Stakeholders may show up both as a project management principle to be followed as a guide or as a performance domain to be focused on as a group of content. 

That is because we both need guidance and a special focus on stakeholder engagement in project management endeavors as it is a very important topic to be able to add value at the end of the project. Since stakeholders have influence over the performance, accordingly outcomes of the project, the efficient engagement of stakeholders have positive effects on value delivery. Stakeholder engagement is considered one of the project aspects to be tailored through the project.

All stakeholders should be identified as early as possible at any project. This stakeholder identification usually starts in the initiating phase of projects and is continuously carried out during the project's life. According to the results of this identification, the desired engagement level of all stakeholders is determined and especially stakeholders, who are resistant to the achievement of the objectives of projects, who have a negative view of the project, or stakeholders that have a high influence on the project should be managed closely and engaged into the project by seriously being interested with their concerns and opinions.



Your article offered valuable guidance on this crucial aspect of project success. I noticed a minor mistake in the article regarding the placement of a sentence. The sentence "All stakeholders should be identified as early as possible at any project." seems to be better suited after the mention of stakeholder engagement being considered one of the project aspects to be tailored through the project. This would create a smoother flow of ideas and enhance the coherence of the content.

Manage Project Knowledge Process

Knowledge management helps in optimizing the acquisition and usage of knowledge which, when combined with data and information, forms a knowledge asset. Project managers are encouraged to develop an effective system that collects and stores project-related knowledge. This should include capturing all learnings and experiences, formal and informal sources of information, technological advancements and user requirements, lessons learned, technical training, as well as understanding user experience and needs.

Project knowledge management strategies can include various elements, such as creating and organizing content and templates, knowledge databases, having appropriate methods and practices to facilitate communication between team members, and having consistent protocols and procedures in place. Additionally, having a process of continuous review, validation and curation is important in keeping project knowledge up to date. Finally, leveraging technology is a must for quickly searching and delivering information to team members. It is in the executing process group and integration management.

Project managers must pull together the pertinent data and keep a close watch over it to ensure the highest value is achieved and that the organization can develop and grow. By doing this, they are able to maintain a balance between meeting their objectives and assisting with the expansion of the business. The configuration management plan is used as input to manage knowledge.

When it comes to managing project knowledge, it is important to remember that the process is cyclical. This means that the project manager should not only focus on delivering value and contributing to the organization's learning and growth, but also on using the knowledge gained to create new knowledge. By doing this, the project manager can continue to deliver value and help the organization grow.

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